Current Government legislation and guidance recognises that COVID-19 affects certain groups of people more than others, which when exposed to the virus makes them more at risk of developing serious illness. The recognised groups are:
To identify USW students who fall within one or more of these groups and ensure appropriate measures are put in place to manage the risk before arriving on campus, please read the following information. You must inform the University if you are extremely vulnerable, vulnerable or score between 4-6 or 7 and above according to the NHS Wales Risk Assessment tool (see below) by completing this form.
If you are unable to attend campus for any other reason, then you must also complete the same form.
Extremely vulnerable people are those who have one or more of the pre-existing and long-term serious health conditions listed below.
|Extremely Vulnerable People|
|Solid organ transplant recipients|
|People with specific cancers|
|- People with cancer who are undergoing active chemotherapy or radical radiotherapy for lung cancer|
|- People with cancers of the blood or bone marrow such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma who are at any stage of treatment|
|- People having immunotherapy or other continuing antibody treatments for cancer|
|- People having other targeted cancer treatments which can affect the immune system, such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors|
|- People who have had bone marrow or stem cell transplants in the last 6 months, or who are still taking immunosuppression drugs|
|People with severe single organ disease (e.g. Liver, Cardio, Renal, Neurological)|
|People with rare diseases and inborn errors of metabolism that significantly increase the risk of infections (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID), homozygous sickle cell)|
|People on immunosuppression therapies sufficient to significantly increase risk of infection|
|Pregnant women with significant heart disease, congenital or acquired|
|Children up to the age of 18 with significant heart disease, congenital or acquired|
|In up to the age of 18 with significant heart disease, congenital or acquired|
Extremely vulnerable people have received a letter from the Chief Medical Officer for Wales or NHS England. Under current Welsh Government legislation and guidance, any person within this group has been asked to shield. Provided infection rates continue to fall, any person within this group will no longer be expected to shield after 16th August however social distancing measures must be followed particularly stringently together with practising hand washing and respiratory hygiene. For people living in England, this group is referred to as clinically extremely vulnerable individuals. On 1st August, anyone in this group in England will no longer need to shield.
Vulnerable people are those who have meet one or more of the conditions below.
|Aged 70 or older (regardless of medical conditions)|
|Under 70 with an underlying health condition listed below (i.e. anyone instructed to get a flu jab as an adult each year on medical grounds):|
|- chronic (long-term) respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema or bronchitis|
|- chronic heart disease, such as heart failure|
|- chronic kidney disease|
|- chronic liver disease, such as hepatitis|
|- chronic neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a learning disability or cerebral palsy|
|- problems with your spleen – for example, sickle cell anaemia or if you have had your spleen removed|
|- a weakened immune system as the result of conditions such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or chemotherapy|
|- being seriously overweight (a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above)|
|Those who are pregnant|
Under current legislation and guidance, those who fall within the vulnerable people category must ensure social distancing measures are followed particularly stringently and practice hand washing and respiratory hygiene.
There is growing evidence that Coronavirus is having a disproportionate impact on people from BAME backgrounds. The Welsh Government has launched a two-stage online COVID-19 Workforce Risk Assessment Tool for those working in the NHS and social care which takes account of protected characteristics which may make a person more at risk from Covid-19.
USW has adopted this risk assessment as an exemplar of good practice to assess the risk to students. It was developed for people working in Health and social care settings but can be related to Higher Education. Extremely vulnerable and vulnerable people need not complete the risk assessment.
Please consider the following risk factors and assign the scores shown as they apply to you and use the risk evaluation matrix below to determine the control measures required for returning to work.
|Age - Covid-19 seems to have a bigger impact on people who are older||Age 50-59 (Score as 1)|
|Age 60-69 (Score as 2)|
|Sex assigned at birth - Genetically, Covid-19 seems to have a bigger impact on males than females||Female (Score as 0)|
|Male (Score as 1)|
|Ethnicity - Covid-19 seems to have a bigger impact on people from certain ethnicities||Do you identify as one of the BAME or Mixed race groups?* Please click the link below this table. (If yes, score as 1)|
|Existing health conditions - Comorbidity) - Covid-19 seems to have a bigger impact if you already have other pre-existing health conditions. You may want to speak to your GP if you are not sure about these questions||- Cardiovascular disease - Are you on any treatment for Hypertension (high blood pressure), Atrial Fibrillation (Irregular heart rate), Heart Failure, Previous MI (had a heart attack), had a stroke, or Transient Ischemic Attack (mini stroke) (If yes, score as 1)|
|- Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 or 2 (If yes, score as 1)|
|- Chronic lung disease (including asthma, COPD, interstitial lung disease) (If yes, score as 1)|
|- Sickle cell trait, Thalassaemia trait or other haemoglobinopathy (If yes, score as 1)|
Obesity - Covid-19 seems to have a bigger impact if you are overweight.
(Differences in BMI are due to studies which indicate that Asian people are at a higher risk of weight-related diseases at lower BMIs)
|Use the links below this table to work out your BMI and waist circumference**. If your BMI is more than 30 OR If your waist circumference is:|
|- South Asian Female more than 33 inches (84cm) or other BAME or white Female more than 34.5 inches (88cm) (If yes, score as 1)|
|- South Asian Male more than 35 inches (89cm) or other BAME or white Male more than 40 inches (102cm) (If yes, score as 1)|
|Family History - Covid-19 seems to have a family susceptibility for some people, especially twins||Has a member of your immediate family (parent under 70, sibling, child) been in ITU or died with Covid-19? (If yes, score as 1)|
|Total Score =|
|Total Score||Risk Category|
|0 - 3||Low Risk|
|4 - 6||Increased Risk|
|> 7||Very High Risk|